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September 2017
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Indian Coins

The evidences of manufacture and circulation of coins in the Indian subcontinent are obtained from c. 6th century BCE. These furnish important information not only about the rise and decline of numerous kingdoms and empires across length and breadth of India, but these are also substantial source of knowledge regarding the social, cultural, economic, religious and political scenario of the time of their issue by variegated authorities. Coins served as the pivot of urban economy since time immemorial and several metals were used in their minting, such as gold, silver, copper, lead, alloy, etc. The portraits of kings, divinities, legends, symbols, dates, etc., marked on the coins, reveal concrete facts for almost correct reconstruction of historical events. The representative coins on display in the Jnana-Pravaha Museum are selected from almost all eras of Indian history with the objective to share these evidences with the visitors for knowing about the consecutive development of coinage in India. The coins are classified into the following three groups: I. Ancient India Punch-marked, Local & Tribal, Indo-Greek, Western Satrap, Satavahana, Kushana, Gupta and Pre-Medieval. II. Medieval Sultanate and Mughal Emperors. III. Modern Independent States and Subordinate Rulers.

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